Media Bias in News Reportage

By: Jude Ephson

Over the years, western news media outlets seem to have created fear and panic about the religion of Islam and Islamic countries in the Middle East as being the main cause of terrorism in the world. This is mainly because most global media outlets originate from countries that practice western democracy, and have created a negative perception about Islamic countries that do not practice similar systems of government as theirs.


Unfortunately, there are no major news media outlets in the Middle East, with the exception of Al Jazeera, that can counter the narrative of global news corporations such as CNN, BBC, The Guardian, and Vice News that reach millions of news media consumers around the world daily.


One of the main stereotypes that western media outlets keep reemphasising to their audience is that, Islamic countries are war-torn and are inhabited by violent people who are looking for the least opportunity to commit an act of terrorism. In addition to publishing real-life occurrences, these news media outlets also capitalise on the slightest opportunity to publicise rumours, half-truths, and

speculations about Muslim countries providing financial and logistical support to rebels and terrorists, without verifying whether such claims are true or not.


The unfortunate aspect of such publications is that, these news media outlets do not publish follow-up stories when such alleged cases are not true, to update their audience on the authenticity of the such serious allegations of terrorism. However, there is always an update when such speculations are true.


For the average news media consumer that has not visited or had any interaction with anyone from the Middle East, they are more likely to associate violence with Islam or the Middle East based on what they see and hear about that part of the world. Conversely, these western media outlets are slow to report verified cases of instances where Muslim countries have intervened or contributed towards peaceful initiatives in the international arena.


THE TERRORIST VERSUS THE PEACEMAKER

THE TERRORIST

Saudi Arabia Has 'Clear Link' To UK Extremism, Report Says


This article published by the BBC is an example of an article that gave an extensive insight into how Saudi Arabia was the leading cause of promoting Islamist extremism in the UK.


This detailed article which began with a bold subtitle that stated:Saudi Arabia is the chief foreign promoter of Islamist extremism in the UK, a new report has claimed’, was published entirely on the basis of speculation.


The caption of the article boldly stated that ‘Saudi Arabia is’, however, the article was full of suggestive statements showing that they were allegations and not confirmed facts.

For example, there was a sentence in the article that stated: ‘In a minority of cases, the report alleges institutions in the UK that receive Saudi funding are run directly from Saudi Arabia, although in most instances the money appears to “simply buy foreign donors' influence.


There was another sentence in the article that stated: ‘It alleges individuals and foundations have been heavily involved in exporting what it calls "an illiberal, bigoted Wahhabi ideology", quoting a number of examples’.


THE PEACEMAKER

UAE's Role in Ethiopia-Eritrea Rapprochement Draws Praise


Unlike the previous story that was published based on speculation and allegation, no news media outlet outside the Middle East published the story about the UAE’s role in facilitating peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea, that were at war for almost two decades.


Ethiopia’s Foreign Minister, Workneh Gebeyehu, did not fail to thank His Highness Sheikh Mohammad bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, for being the linchpin of this historic peace treaty that has restored cordial relations between Ethiopia and Eritrea after a war that lasted for almost 20 years.


Even though a few media outlets outside the Middle East published this story of Ethiopia and Eritrea ending their conflict, none of these media outlets stated how the UAE played a seminal role in achieving peace between these two countries.


Only UAE-based newspapers such as Khaleej Times and The National published this side of the story and quoted the statement made by Ethiopia's Foreign Minister. However, had it been the case that there were confirmed reports or even rumours of the UAE or any Muslim country were funding armed groups in Ethiopia and Eritrea to escalate the war, there is a higher possibility it would have hit news headlines outside the Middle East.


Indeed, there have been acts of terrorism committed by people who claim to belong to Islam, or who hail from Islamic countries. However, the media seems to be quick to publish alleged cases alongside confirmed cases, making it difficult for average news media consumers to decipher what has been confirmed and what has been alleged.


THE OPPRESSOR VERSUS THE HELPER

THE OPPRESSOR

Rahaf Mohammed: Saudi Teen Says Women 'Treated Like Slaves'


The coverage of this story about an 18-year-old Saudi girl named Rahaf Mohammed al-Qunun, is an example of how western news media outlets are quick to publish unconfirmed allegations against Islamic countries, and constantly portray them as human rights abusers.


In a widely circulated video, the Saudi teenager alleged that she wanted to seek asylum specifically from Canada, the United States, Australia, or the United Kingdom because she had renounced Islam as her religion while being a citizen of Saudi Arabia. She further stated that she did not have rights in Saudi Arabia, and that her family tortured her and wanted to kill her.


Thus, she said she escaped from her family while they were on a trip to Kuwait by taking another flight to Thailand. As a result

of her video and her social media petition, social media users and celebrities rallied in her support, eventually making the UN Refugee Agency give her refugee status and contacting countries on the quickest way to grant her

asylum.


Because of her claims on social media, almost every global news media outlets including prominent agencies such as BBC and CNN reported this story with regular updates as if it was actually verified that she was telling the truth.


This story made the news media outlets highlight the human rights record of Saudi Arabia and other Muslim countries, and they also compared verified cases of abuse to this alleged case of abuse.


The issue with this reportage was that only the girl’s side of the story was published all over the news. Almost every news media

consumer believed the girls story because of the stereotype about Arab countries oppressing people who disagree with their traditions and customs.


Consequently, news media outlets capitalised on this story to generate more website visitors and advertising revenue, since concerned news media consumers would regularly visit news websites for updates on this seemingly oppressed teenager.


However, nobody knows the real reason she escaped, except for what she said on social media and what she told the press about being tortured and almost killed. But there are many reasons she could have escaped.


What if she had stolen something from her family and could not stand the shame? What if she had physically abused someone and wanted to escape? Since she was also specific about the countries she wanted asylum from, what if she was attracted to the glitz and glamour of western countries she may have seen online and wanted an excuse to relocate for a better life in Canada, the United States, Australia, or the United Kingdom?